Neuropathy is a basic term representing disruptions in the typical functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are diverse and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on preventing further progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary deficiencies are generally treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is due to faulty absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment might or might not completely reverse the neuropathy and relieve the signs and in numerous cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and relentless symptoms despite treatment.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical techniques like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), local injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing annoying factors like typing in incorrect positions, usage of hand tools etc. If signs not minimized by this approach, then surgical treatment is also an option and is usually curative if no irreversible damage to nerve has actually already taken place. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, brought on by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally helpful. In diabetic neuropathies, some kinds like Mononeuropathies are reversible however most are irreparable. Stringent control of blood sugar levels to slow the additional progression is of vital importance. Other treatment is based upon the symptoms, like discomfort is handled with NSAID and many other drugs. The neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis often reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food item triggering neuropathy. There may be some particular treatment in specific cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by giving pyridoxine along with it.
Numerous a times, the neuropathy is almost permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding more progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging measures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.
Whatever the original cause, your nerves reacted with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they lowered their length and volume to preserve themselves, and the spaces in between the nerves(synapse) were stretched. A typical sized nerve signal might no longer jump this gap. Therefore nerve impulses, both those going up to the brain and those coming down from the brain were impaired.
Integrated microprocessors measures a number of physiological functions of your nerves and immediately adjusts itself to your particular therapeutic needs, starting with the very first healing signal.
When the unit is very first switched on, it measures the electrical analog resistance and digital impedance and sets its output specifications for your physical mass. It understands if it is dealing with a 125 pound woman or a 350 pound male. If you utilize it directly on your lower back, it knows that.
Specialized stimulator then sends out a "test" signal that represents the most typical waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. This signal goes from one foot, up the leg, to the nerve roots in your lower back, down the other leg, to the other foot. It then waits for an echo-like reaction from this preliminary signal.
It then examines this 'return" signal to figure out any aberrations.
Just as a cardiologist can take one take a look at the shape of the signal showed on an EKG display, and diagnose what is incorrect with the heart, we have here actually been able to determine that the peripheral nerves have an extremely particular shape to its waveform. We can identify the nature of the issue by examining that waveform. This feature is developed into the stimulator and processed by its internal microprocessor.
Irregularities in the shape of the waveform en route up indicates problems with tingling; the shape of the top of the waveform shows the ability of the nerve to deliver the signal long enough for the brain to get all of it; abnormalities in the downward slope of the waveform suggests discomfort, and the shape of the refractory period as the nerve cell repolarize's itself indicates the ability of the nerve pathway to get ready for the next signal.
The gadget must then create, and send, a compensating waveform, to 'ravel' these abnormalities, very just like the way sound canceling earphones work.
This process goes on 7.83 times every second, sending a signal, examining the returning signal, developing a compensating signal, and sending this new signal. It is constantly evaluating your reaction, and changing itself, to gently coax your nerve's ability to send and get correct signals.
These impulses are sent out 7.83 times per 2nd since that is the length of time it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself between its transmission of nerve signals. Minerals like calcium, potassium, and sodium must pass back and forth through the cell wall of the nerves. Very similar to a 'common' TENS device, the specialized neuromuscular stimulator signals are greatly more exact and controlled. Commons TENS devices use an abnormal, unchecked, basic signal at a much higher frequency, specifically developed to stop the cells capability to repolarize. This is why a typical TENS merely blocks the nerve signals. This gadget is a really customized form of TENS, which restores the neuropathy client.
The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to get from one leg to the other), produce a little electro-magnetic field that is picked up by the nerves in your main worried system (spinal column) and a signal is uploaded to the brain to let it know what is happening in the lumbar area. The brain then releases endorphins, internal discomfort reducers that take a trip by means of the blood stream to all parts of the body.
Whatever the initial cause, your nerves reacted with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they lowered their length and volume to preserve themselves, and the spaces in between the nerves(synapse) were extended. A regular sized nerve signal might no longer leap this space. Specialized stimulator then sends out a "test" signal that represents the most common waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. These impulses are sent 7.83 times per second because that is how long it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself between its transmission of nerve signals. The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to get from one leg to the other), create a small electromagnetic field that is noticed by the nerves in your central anxious system (spinal column) and a signal is submitted to the brain to let it understand exactly what is taking place in the back location.